Besides having a function as a place of worship for Muslims, in the world of architecture, the mosque also has a role as one of the markers of the development of Islamic architecture in the world. Minarets, domes, and calligraphy carvings are some of the hallmarks of Islamic architecture shown in mosque buildings.
However, the mosques scattered throughout the world do not merely display elements of ordinary Islamic architecture, these seven mosques are architectural works that are made taking into account their historical, social and aesthetic values. Want to know what kind of mosque is known for having the most beautiful architecture in the world? Here is the list!
1. Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque, Abu Dabhi, United Arab Emirates
The mosque is located in the heart of Abu Dhabi, all the buildings are composed of white marble. It is known by the name of the Thousand Pillar Mosque because there are indeed 1000 pillars adorning the exterior of this mosque. The length of time needed to build the Great Mosque of Sheikh Zayed, precisely for ten years, made the mosque which covers 22,412 square meters wide is known as a miracle phenomenon of Islamic architecture.
The inside of the mosque is dominated by white colors decorated with gold-carved carvings. Unlike the pillars on the outside of the mosque, the 96 pillars on the inside are coated with pearls and gold. Not only the dome that has a Moroccan-style design, the luxury interior of the mosque that can accommodate 40 thousand worshipers is also very thick with typical Moroccan ornaments.
2. Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Isfahan, Iran
Actually, there are several mosques in the city of Isfahan that have architectural characteristics similar to the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, including the Shah Mosque and the Imam Mosque. The three of them were built using a combination of ceramic material and piruz stone and together made purplish-blue as its main color.
Compared to the two mosques, the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque is larger in the area and has a more complicated architectural character so that it is known as one of the architectural masterpieces owned by the Iranian state. Besides reflecting Persian-style architecture, it can also be found a classic touch of the Roman royal style.
3. Masjid Al-Nabawi, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
Who does not know the Al-Nabawi Mosque? The mosque which was originally founded directly by the Prophet Muhammad has now been expanded to 100 square meters. As one of the holy travel destinations of Muslims around the world, the Al-Nabawi Mosque can accommodate as many as 500 thousand worshipers. This capacity makes the Al-Nabawi Mosque the second largest mosque after the Grand Mosque in Mecca.
One of the architectural characteristics that characterize this mosque is 250 giant umbrellas that are installed on pillars on the outside of the mosque. The giant umbrellas adorned with typical Middle Eastern ornaments are also equipped with automatic drainage and lighting systems.
4. Education City Mosque, Doha, Qatar
The mosque, located in the city of Doha, is the center of Islamic education in the city. With a capacity of 1,800 worshipers, the mosque is also open to the public. Education City Mosque has a unique design, futuristic architectural elements clearly visible applied to the exterior and interior of the mosque.
The futuristic structure on the exterior is seen in two minarets that tapered upwards as high as 90 meters, the slope directly leads to the city of Mecca. The inside of the tower and the dome are decorated with various carved calligraphy from Al-Quran verses. Interestingly, the sparkle of diamond looks filled the inside of the mosque's dome, making it look like the stars glowing in the sky.
5. Shah Faisal Mosque, Islamabad, Pakistan
The largest mosque in Pakistan has a different building structure from mosques in general. This mosque does not have a round dome but rather a dome-shaped symmetrically, inspired by the tent where the Bedouin settled. The Shah Faisal Mosque has an area of 5,000 square meters and has the capacity to accommodate 50,000 worshipers.
Its symmetrical outer structure is the hallmark of contemporary Islamic architecture. This is also reflected in the interior of this mosque. The symmetrical domes that make up the roof of the mosque have a variety of attractive, brightly colored interior lighting, emphasizing the modern impression carried by the entire architecture.
6. The Blue Mosque, Istanbul, Turki
The Blue Mosque, also known as Sultan Ahmed Mosque, was once the center of Constantinople's government in the Byzantine kingdom. Named The Blue Mosque because of the six domes of the mosque, it will show a hint of light when exposed to light.
The interior of this mosque appears so magnificent with ornaments and carvings of middle east style ceramics adorn the tops of the dome on the inside. Exactly there are 20,000 shades of blue ceramics used to compile the interior of this mosque. Most of the building blocks of this mosque, including ceramics, are handmade.
7. Golden Dome Mosque, Jerusalem, Israel
The Golden Dome Mosque is often equated with Masjdi Al-Aqsa. They are both located in the Old Jerusalem area, but both have different architectural characteristics. In contrast to Al-Aqsa which made the stone as its dome composing material, the giant golden dome became the main characteristic of this mosque's architecture.
In addition to the golden dome, the beauty of the mosque is also seen in the interior which is composed of turquoise mosaics that are so elegant. Shiny gold colors and distinctive Middle Eastern ornaments adorn the pillars to the walls on the inside of the mosque.
That is the seventh mosque that has the most beautiful architecture in the world. Are you interested in visiting those places?