7 Basic Principles of Architectural Design You Need to Know

Even though when you realize the architectural design of your dream home you will be assisted by professional architects, as a homeowner you will certainly be involved in discussions and also indirectly take part in realizing the best and most appropriate architectural design for your dream home.

For this reason, it is important for you to understand a bit of the basic of architectural design in order to be able to communicate the architectural design that you want in the design process carried out by professional architects. What are the basic principles of architecture? Check out the answer in this article!

The Proportion of Architectural Design

The final architectural design principle is the proportion of design. Proportion is the appropriateness of the dimensions of architectural elements with the surrounding environment and also the functions and other architectural aspects such as location, position, and also other object dimensions. This applies to all architectural designs of buildings.

This architectural design principle will be easier to apply because you can follow the general standards that have been set so that you can minimize the occurrence of un-aesthetic proportions on the architectural design of your dream home.

Accentuation & Rhythm

In architectural design, what is meant by rhythm is the arrangement of a harmonious element. Even this element can vary from shapes, colors, to furniture and room decor.

The principle of rhythm in the architectural design itself is divided into two types of rhythm. First is the static rhythm. In architectural design, static rhythm is repetition with the same and consistent pattern.

Examples can be like laying columns with a distance every 3 meters consistently. Other applications can be in the form of applying wall decorations such as photo frames with the same position and distance consistently.

The second rhythm architectural design principle is dynamic rhythm, where the determinants of rhythmic repetition can be more than one aspect and vary. In architectural design, an example of the application of the principle of dynamic rhythm is the color pattern in a house facade or building facade that is alternated regularly and consistently. Examples in colors such as brown-white-green. Other applications in architectural design can be such as the arrangement of furniture, chairs, tables, chairs, tables and chairs, and so on.

Composition ( Sequence )

Composition or sequence in architectural design is the overall arrangement of elements so that the flow becomes more comfortable. Examples of the application of composition in architectural design that is most easily understood are the arrangement of the floor plan layout, such as when wanting to arrange the interior of the living room.

In architectural design, each space is generally divided into three zone functions, namely public, private, and service. The public zone concerns functions where space is more likely to be used by people outside of the home user's core members such as the living room or terrace.

The private zone in architectural design is a zone where its function is exclusively reserved only for the nuclear family of residents such as bedrooms. While the service zone is an area where its function is more intended for maintenance and home maintenance activities such as kitchen, warehouse, or a laundry room.

Each room needs to be arranged according to the flow zone and this function. Like the living room at the front and the bedroom that does not face or directly adjacent to the service zone such as the kitchen.


Good architectural design is a balanced design. For this reason, the next principle in architectural design is a balance . The balance in the architectural design itself is divided into two.

The principle of architectural design balance is a symmetrical balance. Determining a symmetrical balance composition is fairly easy. Just imagine that there is a line in the middle of the architectural object and whether the two sides have similar or reflective visuals. This can apply in the arrangement of furniture and furniture, wall decorations, facades, and building plans.

In addition to a symmetrical architectural design, balance can also be achieved with an asymmetrical architectural design composition, where the arrangement is deliberately formed out of balance by emphasizing contrast at one point or side in space. The principle of asymmetrical architecture design is quite risky because it requires a high sense of art to be able to make an asymmetrical architectural design composition that looks aesthetic and good.

Point of Interest or Contrast

The principle of architectural design is also often referred to as a focal point. Simply put, the principle of architectural design is to create an element of contrast that is the main concern of design. Whether it's interior or architectural.

There are many ways to implement this principle in your home or interior architecture design. Various elements ranging from shape, color, size, position, to texture or visual. An example of a simple application is the use of a unique sofa in a striking color like red or yellow in the middle of a room dominated by white.

Another example of the application of this architectural design principle in terms of shape is to create a unique window design with a rectangular shape between a series of windows in a circular shape.


Have you ever entered a room that is very spacious but has a very low ceiling height? Spaces such as these can provide a special atmosphere and impression such as feeling depressed or stuffy. This is what makes scale understanding very important to present a good architectural design.

Scale is a comparison of a room or building with the environment or other architectural elements. Basically, there is no specific rule on the scale of architectural design because the scale can be adjusted to the desired nuance or impression.

For example, to get the impression of a magnificent, you can make a room with a higher height than other rooms or standards in general.

Unity of Design 

Architectural design can vary, but how can the various architectural elements look harmonious when putting together into an architectural design product? That's when it takes the principle of unity in design or unity in designing a product.

Providing harmony in each element in architectural design can be done with various things such as by the use of colors, shapes, patterns, materials to specific design styles.

Suppose you have various types of chairs with different design styles in the dining room, by giving special elements, such as pillows, with the same color as the dominant color. The composition of the arrangement of the chairs will now look more harmonious.

Another example of the application of this principle in architectural design is the use of the same form. Let's say you arrange various types of photos in frames of various sizes and colors. Give the same square frame shape so that the composition of your photo frame display will look more integrated as a whole.

By adapting 7 basic principles in architectural design, a dream home is no longer impossible. You can also consult interior design services. But, don't forget to equip your house with quality furniture and decor, so that your house becomes more complete!